canyon stretches from the Subeixi ancient village in the north
to the entrance of the Maza village for around 8 kilometers
long. It averages 1 kilometer in width. Inside the canyon stands
the highest peak of the Flaming Mountain. The canyon splits
the grand Flaming Mountain into two parts. It was the most mystical
place in West China. Since 1900s, groups of explorers from the
wolrd have thronged to this place and still nobody find any
evidence on when the canyon was formed. However, one thing is
obvious that Tuyugou canyon once served as an important pass
on the ancient Silk Road.
Around the Canyon are numerous cultural heritage and historical sites.
At the north side lie a vast grave yards of the ancient Gushi People, a tribe
living in this area. The cemetery was so big that it is renowned as the second
mausoleum of the Subashi State by archeologist. In the 1920s, a large number
of dry bodies and valuable cultural relics are dug out here, many of which
were later transferred to Xinjiang autonomous Museum and Turpan Museum.